The Museum of Military History, one of the most important history museums in the world, is situated right in the centre of the Arsenal. In five major sections the museum shows the history of the Habsburg Empire from the end of the 16th century until 1918 and Austria's fate after the dissolution of the monarchy up to the year 1945. About 500 years of Austrian and European history are depicted in the collections exhibited in the main building, which, to the present day, has kept its character of an artistic synthesis, making visible, by means of thousands of original exhibits, a part of world cultural heritage.
The Military History Museum was built according to plans of Ludwig Foerster and Theophil Hansen from 1850 to 1856 and was thus the first Viennese museum. The styles of this town's oldest historic building range from Byzantine, Hispano-Moorish to Neo-Gothic.