Timeline | Before 1800 to After 1930 | CITIES AND URBAN SPACES


Country | Theme | Description

1700 - 1750s

Germany | Cities And Urban Spaces

The newly built Palace of Schwetzingen (built on the site of a former palace that actually dates back to 1350) flourishes under the Palatine Prince Elector Karl Theodor. Today a heritage site of great cultural significance, it contains some 100 sculptures and is known for its Türkischer Garten, a garden in the Turkish style with a mosque (constructed 1779–91 and the earliest mosque-style and largest structure of its kind in any German garden), designed by French architect Nicolas de Pigage and with “Oriental” details that are for decorative purposes only.

1745 - 1747

Sanssouci Palace, Potsdam 
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Germany | Cities And Urban Spaces

Prussian King Friedrick II commissions G. W. von Knobelsdorff to build Sanssouci Palace in Potsdam.

1772 - 1807

Germany | Cities And Urban Spaces

Karl Eugen, Duke of Wittenberg, built three important palaces: one in the centre of Stuttgart, Neues Schloss (1746–1807); Schloss Solitude (1763–9); and Schloss Hohenheim (1772–93).


Egypt | Cities And Urban Spaces

The residence, Bayt al-Suhaymi is built.


United Arab Emirates (Sharjah)  | Cities And Urban Spaces

In around 1800, the Sharjah town is estimated to have around 2,000 to 3,000 inhabitants.

1800 - 1814

Italy | Cities And Urban Spaces

In the Napoleonic age, monumental architecture is intended to celebrate the glory of the new regime. An example of that is the Foro Bonaparte, in the area around the Sforza’s Castle in Milan (a project by Giovanni Antonio Antolini).

Beginning of 19th century

Germany | Cities And Urban Spaces

Garden cities – planned urbanisation to overcome the housing crises in growing cities –come into vogue. Examples include Margarethenhöhe in Essen, Dresden-Hellerau and Dresden-Briesnitz.

1800 - 1900

Lebanon | Cities And Urban Spaces

Some features of 19th-century architecture in Lebanon have their origins in the era of Fakhr al-Din II. He had built khans and caravanserais to encourage trade and he introduced the red-tile technique, which became a typical element in Lebanese architecture. The mashrabiyya (wooden screens), used in buildings of Fakhr al-Din’s era, are still used in 19th-century Lebanese architecture.

1807 - 1837

Milan: the Arch of Peace (Arco della pace) 
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Italy | Cities And Urban Spaces

In Milan, Luigi Cagnola completes the construction of the Arch of Peace, started during the Napoleonic age and inspired by the Arc du Carrousel in Paris. The stunning architectures of the Napoleonic age use arches, obelisks and allegorical groups of Roman and French classical inspiration.

1808 - 1814

Mosquée Sahib el-Tabaa 
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Tunisia | Cities And Urban Spaces

The construction of the Yussef Sahib al-Taba‘a Mosque is the last great architectural ensemble overseen by the Husaynid Regency of Tunis. The mosque is the main unit of this integrated complex, known as a kulliye, which also includes a mosque and two madrasas (schools), two mausoleums, a funduq (inn), hammam (steamroom), sabil (public fountain) and a suq (market).
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