Timeline | Before 1800 to After 1930 | GERMANY | POLITICAL CONTEXT

Date

Country | Theme | Description

1806

Germany | Political Context

The twin battles of Jena and Auerstedt are fought – in the midst of the collapse of the Prussian State and abolition of the Holy Roman Empire by Kaiser Franz II – under pressure from Napoleon Bonaparte.

1813 - 1815


The Peace, 1814 
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Germany | Political Context

The Liberation Wars (and the decisive Battle of Leipzig in 1913) were between Napoleon Bonaparte’s French troops and Central Europe; Napoleon is overthrown.

1814 - 1815

Germany | Political Context

The Wiener Kongress (Congress of Vienna) saw the restoration of the political state (the 1792 Ancien Régime), realignment of the borders, and creation of a loosely arranged German Bund (Federation).

1815 - 1866

Germany | Political Context

German Confederation.

1819

Germany | Political Context

The Karlsbader Beschlüsse (Carlsbad Decrees) was intended to suppress liberal and national movements through censorship of the press and political persecution.

1822 - 1829

Germany | Political Context

The War between Greece and the Ottoman Empire concludes with Greece attaining its independence with the help of Russia and the Western nations.

1830 - 1847

Germany | Political Context

Stimulated by the French July Revolution, the Vormärz (pre-March) Revolution refers to the formation of political programmes and factional movements.

1832

Germany | Political Context

From 27 to 30 May an apparently non-political country fair, the “Hambacher Fest”, was held by a German national democratic assembly, demanding freedom, national entity and popular sovereignty.

1848

Germany | Political Context

Establishment of the first parliament in German history (at the Paulskirche, Frankfurt am Main), and elaboration of the German Imperial Constitution.

1848 - 1849


European struggles for freedom (the March Revolution). Battle between citizens and soldiers, Berlin, 18 and 19 March 1848 
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Germany | Political Context

The Pre-March Revolution involves a series of protests, gatherings and disturbances, but by July 1849 the Bundes troops are victorious and the revolution fails.
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