Timeline | Before 1800 to After 1930 | AUSTRIA | POLITICAL CONTEXT

Date

Country | Theme | Description

1797


Peace Treaty of Campoformio, 17 October 1797, between the French Republic and the Austrian Empire 
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Austria | Political Context

Austria and France conclude the Treaty of Campo Formio on 17 October. Austria then cedes to Belgium and Lombardy. To compensate, it gains the eastern part of the Venetian Republic up to the Adige, including Venice, Istria and Dalmatia.

1814 - 1815


Ratification document of the Congress of Vienna (29 September 1814 – 9 June 1815) 
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Austria | Political Context

The Great Peace Congress is held in Vienna from 18 September 1814 to 9 June 1815. Clemens Wenzel Duke of Metternich organises the Austrian predominance in Italy. Austria exchanges the Austrian Netherlands for the territory of the Venetian Republic and creates the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia.

1840 - 1841


The conquest of Sidon by Austrian troops, September 27th, 1840 
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Austria | Political Context

Austria cooperates in a settlement to the Turkish–Egyptian crisis of 1840, sending intervention forces to conquer the Ottoman fortresses of Saida (Sidon) and St Jean d’Acre, and concluding with the Dardanelles Treaty signed at the London Straits Convention of 1841.

1848 - 1849

Austria | Political Context

Revolution in Austria-Hungary and northern Italy.

1859

Austria | Political Context

Defeat of the Austrians by a French and Sardinian Army at the Battle of Solferino on 24 June sees terrible losses on both sides.

1859

Austria | Political Context

At the Peace of Zürich (10 November) Austria cedes Lombardy, but not Venetia, to Napoleon III; in turn, Napoleon hands the province over to the Kingdom of Sardinia.

1866


Infantry-attack during the occupation-campaign in Bosnia-Herzegovina 1878 
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Austria | Political Context

Following defeat at the Battle of Königgrätz (3 October), at the Peace of Vienna, Austria is forced to cede the Venetian province to Italy.

1878

Austria | Political Context

In June the signatories at the Congress of Berlin grant Austria the right to occupy and fully administer Bosnia and Herzegovina for an undetermined period.

1881

Austria | Political Context

The alliance of the three Emperors of Germany, Russia and Austria recognise the Habsburg Empire’s predominance in the western Balkans. In June, Austria reaches an agreement with King Milan I of Serbia, whereby Austria promises to support an eventual Serbian expansion in the south, while Serbia agrees to exclude any agreement with other powers without Austria’s prior approval.

1883


Carol I, King of Romania (1839–1914) / Karl von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen 
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Austria | Political Context

In October, the Austrian Emperor Franz Josef concludes a secret alliance with the Hohenzollern King of Romania, Carol I, against Russia.
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