France

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Voyage de Napoléon III en Algérie, 7 juin 1865
Partie de Histoire de l'Algérie et voyage de Napoléon III en 1865. Photographies entre 1857 et 1867
1865
National Library of France , Paris, France

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Le règne de l'avenir
1870
National Library of France, Paris, France

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Le Dernier jour de la Commune, Paris 1871
1883
National Library of France, Paris, France

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Émile Zola. J'accuse !..., 11-13 janvier 1898
1898
National Library of France, Paris, France

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Ecole coloniale à Paris, projet de Mr M. Yvon.
Coupe longitudinale. Plan du 1er étage
1828
National Library of France , Paris, France

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Political life (the start of the Third Republic)

The government relocates from Paris to Versailles in March 1871, whereas the Parisian people refuse to surrender the city to the Prussians. Due to the Treaty of Frankfurt (May 1871) France abandons Alsace and Lorraine to the German Empire.

The Third Republic (1870–1940) establishes numerous reforms. The democratic republic is now created.

The Dreyfus Affair (1894–8) and the law establishing the separation between the Church and the State (1905) revealed the divisions within the French population. The new colonies (Algeria and parts of Africa and Asia) are strengthening France’s economic power.