France

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Sacre de sa Majesté Charles X, à Rheims le 29 mai 1825
National Library of France, Paris, France

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Révolution de 1830, (29 juillet) Formation des Barricades
1830
National Library of France, Paris, France

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Intérieur du Carrosse (wagon) de la Reine: rencontre de Louis-Philippe et de la reine Victoria
1844
National Library of France , Paris, France

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(Guisot) [Sic]. Sire, devons-nous accorder des réformes ? (Philippe) Non ! Non !.., mon ami, pas la moindre réforme [etc.]
1848
National Library of France, Paris, France

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Écrasant un dragon sanglant, Napoléon III est, aux acclamations du peuple et de l'armée couronné par Napoléon I.er qui descend du ciel sur un aigle
1852
National Library of France, Paris, France

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Political life (1815–70)

France experienced a period of constitutional monarchy under the reigns of Louis XVIII (1815–25), Charles X (1825–10) and Louis-Philippe (1830–48). After Charles X abdicated, as a result of the three-day riot of the Parisian people, Louis Philippe faced a wave of public discontent. His abdication (February 1848) is followed by the brief return of the Republic, which establishes universal suffrage for men and restores people’s rights; thus, slavery is abolished.

At the end of 1848, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte is elected President of the Second Republic. After his coup d’Etat (1851), the Second Empire (1852–70) then comes to an end due to France’s defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. Leon Gambetta (1838–82) proclaims the Republic.