The concept of revivals
One of the main characteristics of the 19th century is the notion of revivalism and appreciation of past styles, such as those of the ancient world, the Renaissance or the Gothic era. Although the roots of this craze were in the previous century it became increasingly important during this period, and was associated with trends such as the rediscovery of the past and developments in archaeology, while other trends were linked with national identities. Between Europe and the Arab world, a number of phenomena in the field of art and design mark the topic of revivalism from both sides of the Mediterranean: the rediscovery of the past of Egypt and Syria in the art of the Mamluks and the rediscovery of the art of Muslim Spain, and the adaptation of them both to the production of works of art.
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The concept of revivals

The Moorish and Spanish Neo-Mudéjar styles
Mamluk revival
The Grammar of Ornament


Benaki Museum, Athens, Greece

Owen Jones

Printed paper

Owen Jones was an architect and a pioneer in the study of design, especially Islamic design, which he “discovered” at the Palace of the Alhambra. He was involved in the design of the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London and in the creation of the Victoria and Albert Museum (then the South Kensington Museum). He published his collection of designs from different cultures in 1856.

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In this Exhibition
About the Exhibition
Encountering the East
Encountering the West
The concept of revivals