Journalism was another importation from Europe, adapted to satisfy the public’s need for information about different aspects of life.
Napoleon Bonaparte introduced Egypt’s first printing press with the French-language newspaper La Courier d’Egypte
(29 August 1798) and the quarterly journal La Décade Egyptienne
(1799). Khedive Muhammad ‘Ali and his successors then introduced journalism for an Arabic-reading public with publication of al-Waqa’i‘ al-Masriyya
(Egyptian Affairs), al-Yasub
(a monthly medical journal), Rawdha al-madaris
(a literature magazine), Wadi al-Nil
(a bi-weekly political newspaper) and Masr
(a weekly newspaper). Lebanese immigrants in Egypt founded two of the most prestigious journals that still exist today: al-Ahram
(The Pyramids, 1876) and al-Hilal
(The Crescent, 1892). In 1877, Yaqub Sanu‘ founded the first Arabic-language satirical magazine Abu Naddara
. In Ottoman lands, in 1860 and 1891 respectively, Tercüman-ı Ahvâl
(Interpreter of Facts) and Servet-ı-Fünun
(The Wealth of Knowledge) were among the first non-state sponsored periodicals to be published.