Great Inventions of the 19th Century
Postal services and telecommunications
Post offices
Post offices were not merely places where postal services were offered to people. They became a landmark of every modern city symbolising a new lifestyle.
Since their establishment, post offices, the customer service facility, were an important component of national postal systems and were managed by these systems as their public face. In these facilities services such as the receipt of letters and parcels and the provision of postage stamps and postcards were offered. At first, wooden stamps with ink were used as evidence of payment for services, but starting from the 1840s more convenient postage stamps were introduced. This resulted in a great increase in mailing. In the post offices the mail was sorted and then distributed from the head office or mail station to the periphery offices. In the early days horses and stage coaches were used. Post offices were a matter of national (or imperial) pride. The size of the postal buildings and their location in the most vital areas of cities is evidence of the importance in which they were held, becoming “modern” landmarks in the cities together with ports and train stations.
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Postal services and telecommunications

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Post offices
Telegraph
Telephone networks and telephones
Revenue stamp

1888

Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Alexandria, Egypt

The Khedive Ismail is considered one of the great reformers of administration and infrastructure in Egypt. Among the innovations he introduced were stamps in 1866. After that date, stamps were commonly used in the Egyptian postal system, as this stamp issued by the Khedive Tawfiq shows.

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Innovative technologies
Postal services and telecommunications
Transportation
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