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Beit Eddine Palace
Deyr al-Qamar, Lebanon
When Prince Bashir al-Shihabi took the reign, a tile framework imported from Marseille (France) was added to the Lebanese house which became a symbol of Lebanon. Together with the development reflected by the Ottoman and modernized classicism (or late Baroque) influence, at the end of the XIX century and the beginning of the XX century and in parallel to the Lebanese traditional house with red tile roofing, there were ornamental elements influenced by the late Ottoman stage, on the one hand, and by modernized classicism concerning the façade, on the other hand, without influencing the surface composition of the house (the two stories were connected by interior stairs from the main hall and not through an exterior stair like before). But the exterior interior patio had transformed into a common space between the masses like a yard.
The Prince's palace in Deyr al-Qamar started to be too small for soldiers and servants and the prince didn’t like staying in Deyr al-Qamar, so he decided to build a luxurious palace on the hill overlooking Deyr al-Qamar, that he had bought when he married his wife “Sitt al-Shams”.
The palace construction lasted 10 years. Famous Lebanese constructors like Rustam and Yusuf Mujahes from the locality of Shuwayr participated in its construction, in addition to a number of engineers and architects invited by the prince Bashir al-Shihabi from Europe and a number of tiles masters from Istanbul, Aleppo and Damascus.
Jeff El-Msanne, Hassan El Masri, Remy Nader "Beit Eddine Palace" in "Sharing History", Museum With No Frontiers, 2018. http://www.sharinghistory.org/database_item.php?id=monument;AWE;lb;13;en
Prepared by: Jeff El-Msanne, Hassan El Masri, Remy Nader
MWNF Working Number: LB 013
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